When we think of cannabis, THC is one of the first words to pop into our heads. You might also know about CBD, or you may have read about some of the other major cannabinoids like CBC, CBG, and CBN. However, you may not have heard about other molecules in cannabis that give it a specific aroma and flavor. These important compounds are called terpenes. Terpenes are incredibly diverse, yet less of an understood and appreciated part of the cannabis plant, and in all plants in nature.
The idea that the therapeutic properties of major and minor cannabinoids like THCV and CBDV are enhanced by their interaction with each other ties into what Raphael Mechoulam famously dubbed “the entourage effect”. Ethan Russo's research leverages this theory by further contemplating how these major and minor cannabinoids interact with terpenes. If the terms Limonene, Myrcene, Pinene, Terpinol, and Linalool don’t mean much to you yet, don’t worry, you come across these compounds every day when you eat a piece of fruit, smell a flower, or walk through a pine forest.
This April 2020 study researched the impacts of cannabis, terpenes, their interaction and medicinal properties. The study was led by Elaine Goncalves out of the Federal University of Santa Catarina, who has published several studies on the subject. To find out the latest research into terpenes, cannabis, their relationship, and more, click here.